Xian Travel Guide

Xian Overview

Sat in the lush countryside of the Wei River Valley, Xian - capital of the Shaanxi Province - is one of China’s most important towns, holding a significant standing in the countrys history. Formerly known as Changan - the Eternal Peace - from c1000BC up to the 10thC this was the seat of the most powerful imperial dynasties and the starting point of the Silk Road. Today Xian is a strong contender for being the friendliest destination in China, a modern, easygoing city showcasing its rich heritage within the confines of the surviving City Walls.

High on the list of tourist attractions is the breathtaking Terracotta Army found at the Tomb of Qin Shu Huang and it is not uncommon for travelers to arrive, visit the archaeological site and then leave the following day. However Xian has far more to offer and taking the museums, temples, pagodas and Muslim Quarter into consideration it becomes easy to understand why it is worth sticking around for 2 or 3 days. Furthermore, with many of the attractions situated within the City Walls it is a comfortable city to get around, generally hassle-free, on foot.
A consequence of Xians popularity is that it is well linked with the countrys other major cities. This is especially true for the train network with connections readily available for Chengdu, Jinan, Lanzhou, Pingyao and Shanghai, to name but a few. What is important to remember is that this a hotspot for organized tours so when heading to the major sights, like the Terracotta Army, it is advisable to go early in order to beat the inevitable afternoon crowds.

Things to do in Xian

Terracotta Army - The number one reason for visiting Xian and one of Chinas most popular and spectacular tourist attractions is the army of terracotta statuettes created to protect the tomb of Qin Shi Huang. Discovered by peasants as recently as 1974, the three crypts are one of the worlds finest archaeological finds and believed to have involved the hands of 700,000 workers. Each vault is different, with Vault 1 being the largest and home to 1,000 figurines averaging a height of 1.8m and lined up in battle formation. Vault 2, still being excavated, houses a larger variety of soldiers, including crossbowmen, charioteers and cavalry. Vault 3 is the smallest and felt to be the battle HQ as it houses 68 senior officers. Amazingly no two figurines are the same, a result of them all being handmade. Open daily from 8am to 6pm. Entrance fee CNY90 (Mar-Nov) & CNY65 (Dec-Feb). Audio guides are available for CNY20.

Xian City Sights - Xian is both a developing city and one that has retained an abundance of its original and historical sights. In fact, it is one of few Chinese places that still has its City Walls completely intact. Built in 1370, the 12m walls stretch for 14km and can be wandered around in 3-4 hours. The citys most iconic sight is the Big Goose Pagoda, founded in 647, originally home to almost 2,000 rooms and associated with Buddhist monk Xuan Tang. Be sure to check out the Great Mosque, felt to be Chinas largest and blending Chinese and Islamic influences. Two other important city buildings are the BellTowerand DrumTower. Dating to the 14thC the Bell Tower originally chimed at dawn and now hosts daily musical shows. One block over and also with roots to the 14thC, the DrumTowermarked the arrival of nightfall with a bang of the drum.
Xian Museums
Forest of Stelea Museum - Housed in the Confucius Temple is a collection of +1,000 stone stelea, one of which is the earliest account of Christianity in China. Open daily from 8am to 7pm. Entrance fee CNY45.
Shaanxi History Museum - Commendable museum exhibiting prehistory and early dynastic artefacts, Han dynasty relics and ancient Sui and Tang objects. Open daily from 8.30am to 6pm (Dec-Feb) & 9am to 5pm (Mar-Nov. Entrance fee CNY50/35, depending on season.
Tang Paradise - Worth an afternoons visit is this cultural/theme park in the heart of the city which attempts to recreate the sights, sounds and culture of the Tang Dynasty. Popular with Chinese tourists there is plenty to see, including gardens, pavilions, palaces, cultural performances and a multimedia sound-light-water show. Open daily from 9am to 7pm. Entrance fee CNY90/68 (dependent on season).
Xian Nightlife - Nightly events in Xian range from sound and light shows to dinner-theatre performances to boisterous bars pumping out the latest Chinese house and pop music. In terms of bars Xian has been greatly gripped by karaoke fever with Real Love and Xialudi being the two most popular bars. A great experience can be had at the dinner and theatre shows of Tang Dynasty and Shaanxi Grand Opera House, which incorporate traditional song and dance accompanied by plates of delicious dumplings. Food lovers looking for a wide range of cheap snacks should head to the night markets in the Muslim quarter.

Hotels in Xian

Budget Hotels Xian

Han Tang Inn Youth Hostel - Modern hostel located in a residential area of the city and with good transport to the main sights. Tel (86) 29 8723 1126.
Qixian (7 Sages) Hostel - Decent HI hostel offering clean rooms close to the main bus and train terminals. Tel (86) 29 8744 4087.
Shuyuan Youth Hostel - Welcoming hostel housed in a traditional Chinese courtyard-home close to the cultural centre. Tel (86) 29 8728 7720.
Midrange Hotels Xian
City Hotel - Tourist friendly hotel, bar and restaurant a short walk from the BellTower. Tel (86) 29 8721 9988.
May First Hotel - Pleasant hotel and large food court where all staff speak English and put guests first. Tel (86) 29 8768 1098.
Melody Hotel - Great value 3-star hotel with some rooms having views of the DrumTower. Tel (86) 29 8728 8888.
Luxury Hotels Xian
Hyatt Regency - Well located 5-star hotel with all the usual luxury Hyatt facilities. Tel (86) 29 8769 1234.
Shangri-La Hotel - Expect great service and stylish rooms at this out of town luxury hotel. Tel (86) 29 8875 8888.
Sheraton Xian Hotel - Modern upscale hotel with 3 restaurants and bar plus pool and health spa. Tel (86) 29 8426 1888.

Xian Weather

Xian Travel Resources



Baraaza Community

Baraaza Guides are free and a great way to get relevant and up to date information on practically any destination on the planet. Our wiki-style travel guides are created and maintained by our travel community and we hope you will join in and help us keep this guide up to date.

We ask that you do what you can and share your worldly knowledge of destinations you have visited by updating our wiki-style guides, writing destination reviews, sharing destination photos and videos and making yourself available to those who may have questions about destinations you have already visited.

We hope that the information found in this guide helps you travel better, smarter and with more freedom.


This page was last modified on 25 Sep 2011 by Matt